Universal Carriers

Ford of Canada were contracted to produce tracked carriers to WD specification and were supplied with a sample vehicle from the UK registration number HMH241. A small production facility was set up costing $700,000 and ten hand built carriers were built. The first carrier was finished on Feb 18 1941, eight months after receiving the order. Series production of the 'Universal' Carrier commenced and the 1000th carrier was produced on July 12 1941 and the last of 28,988 on Jan 22 1945.

The US built Ford T16 carrier was supplied to Canadian Forces under the Lend-Lease agreement. The Windsor Carrier or C49WC ( Army Vehicle Code UC-5 ) ran to exactly 5,000 with the last built on April 26 1945.

The carrier was adapted for many roles including fitting artillery pieces such as the 2 pdr (C21UCG) and flamethrowing equipment, but the most common uses were Universal, Medium Machine Gun, Welsh Guards Stowage (C31UCW) and 3" Mortar (C21UCM). The Universal Mk1 and Mk2 was known as the CO1UC. The No 3 Mk2 Universal was coded the UC-4 and the 3" Mortar the UC-2.

 Universal CarrierWindsor Carrier
Engine cylindersV8 V8
Engine rating85 bhp @ 3000 rpm95 bhp @ 3600 rpm
Gears4F 1R4F 1R X2
Weight7910 lb9350 lb
Size148" x 83" x 63"172" x 83" x 57"
Crew32 to 5
Bridge Classification45
Fording depth20"36"
Trench crossing36"63"
Fuel consumption4 mpg4 mpg
Fuel tank20 gals22 gals
Max speed33 mph30 mph
Max laden weight9800 lb10,820 lb
Min turning circle15'17'
Ground clearance8"10"
Ground pressure6.4 psi7.2 psi
Electrical system6V12V
Track width9. 1/2"10"
Number of bogie wheels68
Maintenance manualUC-F2WC-OM1

Some pictures of carriers

Photo courtesy of the National Archives of Canada (e000760267, e000760304 and e000760264).